Invasions and Evictions of the Ottoman Turks: From Jerusalem to the United States

Glancing at historical trends, it seems the West’s struggle with Turkey over the century has oscillated between Jerusalem, the greater Middle East, Europe, and the Native American tribal lands in the United States. During a time when the struggle over borders between Israel and surrounding areas was less publicized, it’s noteworthy to recognize that the British victory of Allenby’s liberation of Jerusalem in December 1917 changed history. However, equally clear is that the stories of ambitious Turkish invasions and evictions are not yet over.


By Monica Morrill l January 16, 2018

Marking the 100th anniversary of Allenby’s liberation of Jerusalem from the Ottoman Turks/Hadas Parush/Flash 90

Last month, 11 December marked the 100th anniversary of the liberation of Jerusalem. After 400 years of oppression by the Ottoman Turks, General Edmund Allenby led a brave British infantry division during World War I having traveled on foot from Jaffa Gate to the Tower of David Citadel. In 1917, barely three years after the Ottoman Turks in 1914 declared a Holy War against Western Christian nations, the Turks themselves would face irreparable change in the Holy Land.

Many might be familiar with the defeat of the Muslim Turks at the gates of Vienna in 1683, but far fewer know about what happened a century ago at the gates of Jerusalem, a city that can be traced back to the Jebusites (and even before Canaanites) who were conquered by King David of the tribe of Judah, the same tribe of Jesus Christ, in Israel. During 1917, an estimated 10,000 Jews (the majority in the city) fled Jerusalem in one week, while 2,700 orphans were left to wander the streets, the Jews and Armenian Christians suffered the most. By the end of the year, General Allenby had deliberately arrived in Jerusalem with his men on the eve of Hanukkah in December 1917. The victory is referred to as the “Hanukkah Miracle.”

Over time, with as any aggressive power would, the Muslim Turks have altered their strategy of incursions or invasions. Today the Turkish government of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan is pursuing a more subtle method of infiltrating the most coveted country in the world, the United States of America. Turks have been targeting Native American tribal lands, befriending the tribal people on economic and cultural terms. It is called pan-Turkism or pan-Turanianism, a movement developed by Turkic intellectuals in the late 1880s to forge nationalist ideals centered on Turkey’s politics and culture, unifying Turkish people globally. An acceleration of pan-Turkism emerged in the United States in 2011 when officials from Erdoğan’s government began their infiltration process of reaching out to Native American tribes during President Barack Hussein Obama’s administration. This included Turks offering to pay for Native American’s housing and development, higher education for the younger generations, and even pushing the false narrative that the native people in America all share a common ancestry with the Turks over millennia.

The virus-like enthusiasm spread through Congress. In 2011, Congressmen Tom Cole (Oklahoma) and then Congressman Martin Heinrich (New Mexico) each put forward a House Resolution (H.R. 2362 and H.R. 205, respectively) to deepen the trade and economic relationship with American tribal lands, which included land leases. According to testimony by Congressman Cole, the House Resolutions stipulated among other matters that “the Indian Tribal Trade and Investment Demonstration Project would streamline leasing provisions to take secretarial approval out of every lease, the Secretary of Interior retains oversight over the project and retains the power to enforce or cancel leases under the project if needed to exercise the United States’ trust responsibility to tribes.” (Emphasis added.) H.R. 2362 was narrowly defeated in 2012.

However, one tribal area in particular raises serious concerns about immigration and national security, the Tohono O’odham Nation, where the tribal land straddles the U.S.-Arizona and Mexican border. Turkey courting Native Americans is seen by many observers as, yet, another tactic to create more distrust between the U.S. and Turkey, particularly Turkish President Erdogan’s AKP party. (Photo and caption below/Islamist Watch October 5, 2012)

Prior to Turkish interest in the Native American tribal and borderlands, under the Clinton Administration in 1994, the Federal Government implemented “Operation Gatekeeper” in Arizona, which consequentially led to both the human and drug smuggling to be dispersed into remote areas. Those vast expanses were in isolated swaths of the Tohono O’odham Nation. Anxieties over border security understandably heightened after the September 11th Islamist attack on New York and Washington DC.

U.S. correspondent for the UK’s Daily Telegraph, Harriet Alexander, visited the Tohono O’odham Nation and exploited the emotional reactions circulating around this area of the U.S.-Mexico border, which divides the Native American tribal area, in a recent January 4th article entitled, “Trump wall sows seeds of an Indian uprising.” The title speaks for itself. While the Tohono O’odham Nation is opposing the wall, Ms. Alexander escalates the discussion warning of American Indian reactionary behavior to it by stating, “This could be the last of the Indian Wars.” Such reporting feeds frenzies of fear in an article deliberately intended to skew the fuller picture.

Ms. Alexander conveniently leaves out the many national security concerns and neglecting any mention of H.R. 2362 and H.R. 205 from 2012, including the recent history with Turkish immigrants to Native American tribal lands along the border. She draws on one location in one border state. No mention of Muslims moving into tribal lands in the United States and engaging in commerce, making their own knock-off products and then calling them American Indian art to undercut the native people. No mention of Muslims, perhaps from Turkey, violating The Indians Arts and Crafts Act of 1990. Ms. Alexander’s discourse rather favors a narrow point of view. In fact, her article was only published in the UK printed press, there is no trace of her article on the Telegraph’s website; out of view of most American readership. Such misleading information compounded by Trump’s disappointment in the UK’s UN vote against the U.S. embassy move from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, and the removal after 15 years of Fox News last summer from the Murdock’s Sky News UK network might begin to explain why President Trump cancelled his official trip to London.

Glancing at historical trends, it seems the West’s struggle with Turkey over the century has oscillated between Jerusalem, the greater Middle East, Europe, and the Native American tribal lands in the United States. During a time when the struggle over borders between Israel and surrounding areas was less publicized, it’s noteworthy to recognize that the British victory of Allenby’s liberation of Jerusalem in December 1917 changed history. However, equally clear is that the stories of ambitious Turkish invasions and evictions are not yet over.


Monica Morrill is a Geographer focusing on government regulation and policies. She co-authored the book BETRAYED: The Shocking True Story of Extortion 17 as told by a Navy SEAL’s Father. She was a member of the Asian Pacific American Advisory Committee to President-elect Trump during the 2016 Presidential election. Ms. Morrill is also a contributor and Investigative Reporter for SFPPR News & Analysis, of the conservative-online-journalism center at the Washington-based Selous Foundation for Public Policy Research.

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